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The secret of intelligent fluids‘ technology is both the molecular teamwork and the precise co-ordination of its ingredients. Therefore, special teams of molecules are formed which conduct the exercises of an intelligent fluid, i.e. penetration and detaching of layers. Furthermore, intelligent fluids are able to detect different materials. That’s why intelligent fluids are able to detach layers while leaving the surface unviolated.
Intelligent fluids are based on the highly complex and unique combination of the laws of nature. First, the natural trend to disorder and the greatest possible distribution of molecules („entropy“). Second, the urge for conglomeration „(Ostwald ripening“). As a consequence, a constant interaction between hydrophobic and hydrophilic ingredients takes place.
Depending on the particular intelligent fluid, the internal dynamics within the products ranges from 1000 to 8000 moves per second which causes a so called „micro-earthquake effect“. The fluids are often called „bottled ultrasonics“ by industrial customers.
It is not possible to feel the movements within an intelligent fluid. However, it is possible to visualize the constantly changing fluid‘s structures by a laserpointer for the refractive indices of the plasmicells scatter beams of light.
The molecular interactions within an intelligent fluid causes their effects, not a chemical mode of action. Admittedly, it is not possible to prevent chemical effects entirely but, in general, those are not part of the fluid’s functionality.
Regarding their composition, intelligent fluids rank among chemical products. But regarding their unique mode of action, intelligent fluids has to be classified as wet physics that delineates itself from classical wet chemistry.
There are at the maximum those safeguard measures necessary which hold for classical chemical products. Due to intelligent fluids‘ properties, it is more often than not possible to refrain from specific safeguard measures. In general, the detached layers are potentially harmful, not the intelligent fluid.
Intelligent fluids‘ optimal operating temperature ranges from 15°C to 60°C. Some products are also effective at temperatures from -5°C to 90 °C. At temperatures of below -5°C the fluid faces separation while at temperatures above freezing the fluid regenerates itself. A technical data sheet of each intelligent fluid indicates detailed application instructions.
An intelligent fluids must not become dry, otherwise already detached layers could restick and the desired effect may fail to appear. Therefore, the rinsing process should be startet on a still moist surface.
The effect of intelligent fluids can be stopped immediately by adding water or other liquids (i.e. alcohol). Thus, it’s up to the user to decide when the process should come to an end. In general the effect stops with the beginning of the rinsing process.
Due to the gentle properties of intelligent fluids, it is not possible to detach mechanically or chemically fixed layers (i.e. combustions, mergings). Examples for layers not detachable by intelligent fluids are: Epoxy, polyurethan, polyureas, intermetallic compounds as well as inorganic layers on inorganic substrates and the removal of nanoparticles without mechanical support.
Intelligent fluids are thermodynamically stable. Due to bottling, it is highly recommended to use up an intelligent fluid within 12 months. The bottles or containers are labeled with the best-before date.
In general, intelligent fluids aren’t endangering the quality of water. That means they can be disposed by wastewater. However, the disposal of intelligent fluids also depends on the degree of detached layers, the quantity and the local regulations. Notwithstanding the above, the ways of disposing of classical chemicals also work for intelligent fluids.
The conditions for the storage are indicated on each intelligent fluid’s technical data sheet. In general, intelligent fluids have to be stored at room temperature. In addition, exposing intelligent fluids to ultraviolet light should be avoided.
Intelligent fluids offer many economical and ecological advantages. Using intelligent fluids means reducing total costs and process times as well as saving energy. An outstanding performance is as characteristic for intelligent fluids as its gentle properties protecting machinery and equipment as well as substrates and surfaces. Furthermore, health risks due to toxic ingrediences are reduced significantly.